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The recent emergence of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has reassessed the usefulness of historic convalescent plasma transfusion (CPT). This review was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of CPT therapy in COVID-19 patients based on the publications reported till date. To our knowledge, this is the first systematic review on convalescent plasma on clinically relevant outcomes in individuals with COVID-19. PubMed, EMBASE, and Medline databases were searched upto 19 April 2020. All records were screened as per the protocol eligibility criteria. We included five studies reporting CPT to COVID-19 patients. The main findings from available data are as follows: (a) Convalescent plasma may reduce mortality in critically ill patients, (b) Increase in neutralizing antibody titers and disappearance of SARS-CoV-2 RNA was observed in almost all the patients after CPT therapy, and (c) Beneficial effect on clinical symptoms after administration of convalescent plasma. Based on the limited scientific data, CPT therapy in COVID-19 patients appears safe, clinically effective, and reduces mortality. Well-designed large multicenter clinical trial studies should be conducted urgently to establish the efficacy of CPT to COVID-19 patients.
As an infectologist, I consider the matter relevant, however the studies included in the systematic review do not allow the authors to conclude that CPT therapy in COVID-19 patients is safe, clinically effective, and reduces mortality.
Covid-19 has become an excuse to publish pseudoscience with the conclusion more research is required to confirm these findings.
This is a clear example of the uselessness of some systematic reviews. This was done even before studies were completed.
I'm disappointed to see this paper in my Evidence Alerts. A "systematic review" of "one pilot study, one preliminary communication, one novel report, one case report, one descriptive study", is worthless and meaningless. I already knew that the use of convalescent sea was a potential therapy... nothing, absolutely nothing, has been added as a result of this publication. COVID 19 has (seemingly), given free reign for the suspension of reasoned, credible, science.